Petite Electricité Hybride en Guinée (PEHGUI)
Country : Guinée
Year : Since 2015
Project status : Ongoing
Power installed : 76,80 kWp
Summary : The Foundation for the energies of the world has decided to innovate. The program Small Hybrid Electricity in Guinea (PEHGUI) aims at bringing electricity to a rural area through three hybrid solar powerplants associated to three mini-power grids.
In numbers :
4 000 people directly impacted,
20 000 indirectly impacted,
Of which 50 entrepreneurs.
Imagined since 2015 in the Labé region, the PEHGUI project is pilot program. For the first time in Guinea, the electrification of rural zones thanks to a mini power grid will be created thanks to renewable energies.
The project is the result of a shared initiative between Foundation for the Energies of the World and the Guinean Agency of Rural Electrification (AGER), that is in charge of defining a policy to give an access to electricity that puts forward decentralized solutions and renewable energies.
It aims at answering the lack of access to modern energetic services in rural zones in Guinea. Indeed, the rate of electrification in Guinea is only of 1%.
It is the first step (Aspect A) of a high-scale project that aims at giving access to electricity to a dozen of villages, established thanks to the help of the Noria methodology (Aspect B).
Three villages of Moyenne Guinea are concerned by the Aspect A: Kouramangui, N’Guéria and Bouroudji. In this region of Guinea, the socio-economical studies have shown that the main activity is agriculture. Often, locals have a secondary job in order to increase their income.
The energetic consumption per habitant is that of the lowest in the world. It rests for the time being on the use of wood and its derivatives such as wood charcoal, which has strongly contributed to the deforestation of the country.
The PEHGUI program carried out by the Foundation for the Energies of the World aims at giving access to sustainable electricity to the village of Kouramangui, in Moyenne-Guinea, thanks to an innovative solution. The aim of this project is to reduce poverty rates in rural areas of Guinea by a durable access to electric services.
The main challenge is also to serve as an example to accelerate the access to electricity in rural zones of Guinea and to favor the construction of new projects.
The Kouramangui area is electrified by three mini power grids powered by three solar hybrid power plants, reaching out to at least 400 subscribers, or 4 000 direct impacted and 20 000 indirectly impacted. About 50 profit-making activities benefit from electricity.
A private operator, from the area, manages the electric infrastructures. He is formed for the multiple skills required: technique, business, administrative, financial, management…
The feedback is capitalized and diffused in Guinea to be replicated and to change the scale.
On the longer-term, the Foundation for the Energies of the World wishes to extend the results obtained to a dozen of areas in the region of the Moyenne-Guinée.
Above the access to electricity for the three villages, the implementation of activities will help assure the sustainability of the installations and the appropriations of the project by the local actors (sensibilization, guidance, formations).
To be noted:
For the first time in its projects, Fondem has decided to install prepayment booths located at the beneficiaries homes. This system will facilitate the management of the costs of use, the renewal of parts and limits the debt default. The billing of the electricity consumed will make it possible to assure the maintenance of the power-plant and, at the same time, will remain financial reachable for the local populations. Four different services are proposed to adapt to the needs and the means of all.
The first phase of the project is near to its end with the electrification of three districts of the rural village of Kouramangui. The provisional technical reception took place in March 2019 after works completed in the beginning of the year.
The second phase (Aspect B) lies down the basis of an electrification by solar and hydraulic energy for more than a dozen areas, through a study soon to be published in order to switch scales.
ZOOM ON THE HYDRAULIC OPTION :
Named “the water tower of Africa”, Guinea owns a lot of huge hydraulic resources. However, the country only uses about 6%. The hydraulic option has been studied with interest in the spectrum of the project. Its main advantage? It is not intermittent unlike the solar power and doesn’t need batteries, which limits the costs and the complexity of the project.
The water power-plants were abandoned for the first phase of the project for cost reasons.